While I prefer to work with an author long before the book is finished, I will edit a completed work. I've been called the Grammar
Gestapho and the Punctuation Police, but anyone who has worked with me will tell you working with me is easy; I'm not harsh
or inflexible, and above all, I am kind and encouraging. I correct, I repair and reword, I may suggest rearranging sentences and where they are placed. Looking
for plot holes is a big part of the work as is keeping every character in his/her unique role within the book. Then together we polish every scene
until it shines.
If you are looking for an editor, please contact me. I edit most genres with the following exceptions:
age play - sorry I'm not a fan.
I'll read a couple of chapters of your manuscript and give you an
estimate. It's also a good way to find out if we make a good team...teamwork is important.
The author always gets the final say...that's how it works with freelance editors. I do request Editorial credit
in the contributor section of any distributor with whom your manuscript is published.
It may seem silly to begin with some basics, but these small words used incorrectly can make or break
a good book and certainly bring on some poor reviews. An author can shine by using good
grammar and punctuation and it's not difficult to learn the rules. Below are some of the most common mistakes I find in
addition to overused words or phrases.
Let's keep it simple.
Beginning with grammar, some of the most common mistakes are:
Than is most often used when one is making a comparison. I'd rather cook from scratch
than eat junk food.
Then often specifies a time or an order in which things happen. Thunder rumbled,
lightening flashed, then the rain fell from the sky. The amount of time then
implies need not be specified; it can be immediate if we say right then and there.
There can indicate a place. It can be a place you have been to, are going to, or a
place where you have put something. Additionally, it doesn't have to be a physical place.
I love Paris; I've been there several times. Been there, done that, didn't get the tee shirt.
At the start of a conversation you do not wish to participate in, there's always Forget it, I'm not going there.
also be used to call attention, as in There, now you've done it! There is also used to
console. Holding the child, the mother patted his back saying, "There, there, there."
Their is the possessive pronoun of they. It is used to describe something which usually
belongs to someone or more than one person. If I am writing about the emotions, residence,
car, or any other possession of others, I use their emotions, their residence, their car,
and their belongings.
They're is a contraction for they are.
Was is the first and third person singular past tense of be. Don't let that confuse
you. If I am writing about myself, I write I was there. If I am writing about myself
from a third person point of view, Keriann was there. I and Keriann are singular.
If I am writing about another person, he was there. He is singular.
Were is actually second person past tense. Don't let that confuse you either. If
I am writing about myself and another person, I write we were there or Keriann and
her brother were there. I can say "We were just talking about that." I should
not say "We was just talking about that." We is not singular, it is plural; was is singular.
They just don't go together.
Which vs that vs who confuses many writers. It is easily figured out.
If you are writing a sentence and want to add information you think is not essential for
the reader to know, you might add a non-restrictive clause. If it is extra information
and does not change the meaning of the sentence, use which. It helps me to remember
that witches can fly away and I've still got a good sentence.
If the information you want to add is essential to the reader, if leaving it out could
confuse the reader because you are not specific enough, or if leaving it out changes the
meaning of the sentence, add a restrictive clause and use that.
If you are referring to a person, use who or whom. Who is quickly replacing whom
today in most contexts. You are less likely to be called out by an editor for using who
when whom is correct. A simple way to remember whether to use who or whom
is to turn your sentence into a question. If the answer is he, use who. If the answer
is him, use whom.
Sometimes we confuse who with that. We write "The dog who bit my child should be confined to be
sure it doesn't have rabies." You would correctly write "The dog that bit my child should be confined to be sure it
doesn't have rabies." -OR - "The lady in the hat was the one that helped me.
We should write "The lady in the hat was the one who helped me." The lady is a who whether or not she resides in
Whoville. In other words, she is a person and if we asked about her, we would say "Who is that?" So, easy to
remember who belongs with people or beings, that belongs with animals or inanimate objects.
Very simple examples for which vs that:
The antique vase, which was blue, fell to the floor and shattered. If the color of the
vase is not essential to your story, which is used if you are determined to tell your reader the color of the vase.
The antique vase, that had been a wedding gift from her Grandmother, fell to the floor
and shattered. Here we decide the information about the vase being given to her by her
Grandmother is important to the reader, and we use that. Even better, leave "that"
out entirely and write:
The antique vase, a wedding gift from her Grandmother, fell to the floor and shattered.
that many editors strike the word "that" because a sentence will read perfectly
fine without it.
FYI: British authors use that and which interchangeably.
When I'm not so busy editing, there will be more to come...stay tuned.